The Escalation Of Violence In Israel: A Timeline

Israel's 'Iron Dome' missile-defense system in action

Nobody is sure where the recent events will lead us, so here is a timeline of events so far.

Thursday, August 18th.

Shortly after 12:00 noon, three terrorists ambushed an Egged bus about 20 km (12 miles) north of Eilat,

As rescue forces were responding to the first attack, a roadside bomb was detonated alongside an IDF patrol 20 km (12 miles) north of the scene of the first attack.

At about 12:40, a mortar shell was fired at a private vehicle along the Egyptian border north of the second attack.  The shell exploded by the side of the road, and no one was injured.

In the fourth stage of the attack, another terrorist cell ambushed a bus and a private vehicle not far from the scene of the first attack.  They sprayed both vehicles with gunfire and launched an anti-tank rocket at the bus.  The rocket hit the car instead, murdering all of its occupants.

A precision Israeli air strike hours after the atrocities has killed at least two high-level leaders of the Popular Resistance Committees (PRC), an Islamist group independent of Hamas.

Friday, August 19th.

06:27 – Following the terror attack on Israeli civilians by terrorists from Gaza, the Israel Air Force targeted terror sites in Gaza

07:02 – A short while ago, rocket launched from Gaza landed in southern Israel

07:43 – It was announced that overnight approx. 15 Gaza rockets were launched into Israel, targeting civilians. Iron Dome, the Israeli missile-defense system, was activated three times

09:00 – Israeli city Ashdod under rocket attack: One rocket struck synagogue rooftop, injuring three, and another landed next to children’s school

09:15 –  Home Front Command releases safety instructions

15:00 – IDF Announcement: IAF Targets Terror Sites in the Gaza Strip

16:00 –  2  rockets landed in southern Israel

18:20 – A short while ago, another Gaza rockets landed in southern Israel

18:45 – Another Gaza rocket landed in southern Israel

19:56 – IAF Targets Rocket Launchers in three separate incidents

21:59 – 2 more Gaza rockets landed in southern Israel; More than 25 rockets landed over past 2 days

Saturday, 20/8

04:10 – IDF Announcement: In Response to Terror Attack, IAF Targets Four Sites in the Gaza Strip

05:45 – Overnight, a total of ten Gaza rockets struck major population centers in southern Israel

05:45 – Terrorists from Gaza strike city of Ashdod; three people severely injured from the rocket attack

13:10 – Two more Gaza rockets landed in southern Israel; More than 45 Gaza rockets over past 48 hours

15:04 – In the past hour, six Gaza rockets were launched into Israel; 5 struck southern Israel cities and one was intercepted by Iron Dome System

15:40 – IDF Announcement: IAF Targets Terrorist Squad in the Northern Gaza Strip

17:25 – More than 20 Gaza rockets were launched at southern Israeli cities today injuring five civilians

18:09 – Another Gaza rocket struck southern Israel community, Neve Eshkol Regional Council

19:42 – A short while ago, two Gaza rockets struck and damaged the Israel-Gaza Erez Crossing. Five additional Gaza rockets struck southern Israel communities

Sunday, August 21st.

 06:56 -4 more Gaza rockets struck southern Israel in recent minutes.

07:20 -Iron Dome intercepts 3 rockets launched from Gaza into Israel

10:00 -7 rockets hit Israel in last couple of hours

12:00 -2 rockets hit south of Ashkelon, Israel, threatening 112,900 Ashkelon residents; city Pop. = 1/3 of Florence, Italy

14:03 – On Thursday Israel sent 263 truckloads with goods and gas into the Gaza Strip for the Palestinian population and is sending more in the coming hours

16:40 – Fifty Gazans entered Israel for medical treatment while 22 rockets landed in southern Israel

17:02 – IDF Announcement: In Response to Rocket Fire, Israel Air Force Targets Terror Sites in the Gaza Strip

17:15 – Another Gaza rocket hit Ashkelon, which is approximatly 11 miles north of the Gaza Strip, threatening the lives of 112,900 Ashkelon residents

19:27 – Hamas-run Gaza rocket hit southern Israel communities near Israel-Gaza border. A total of 31 rockets struck Israel today

19:45 – Hamas launched a mortar shell with phosphorus which hit Kerem Shalom today. Hamas broke international law which states it illegal to use the substance in inhabited areas

21:33 – A short while ago two rockets fired from Hamas-run Gaza fell near Eshkol Regional Council

21:59 – Following the terror attacks emanting from the Gaza Strip, the Israel Defense Forces’ soldiers helped in moving babies to protected wings in the hospital

23:14 – Three more Gaza rockets just struck southern Israel

Monday, August 22nd.

 01:14 – Hamas-run Gaza rocket struck southern Israel community

08:00 – Time of last rocket fired from Gaza this morning

17:30 – This afternoon has been quiet

23:59 – A rocket fired from northern Gaza exploded in an open area at the Hof Ashkelon Regional council. No injuries or damage were reported.

Notable Casualties

Rocket attacks against Israel are still occurring as of this update (Wednesday 24th). I am finding it difficult to piece the times together, but I can confirm at least five struck Israel today as of 9PM Israel time.

I will now look back in more detail on the casualties so far.

On August 18th, an Israeli air strike very soon after the terrorist attacks in Israel killed the leader of an armed Palestinian faction, a top lieutenant and three other members in the southern Gaza Strip. The group itself has confirmed this.

The organisation in question is the Popular Resistance Committees (PRC), a faction that often operates independently from Gaza’s Islamist Hamas rulers. They identified their dead leader as Kamal al-Nairab and said their military chief, Immad Hammad, had also been killed.

A sixth fatality in the attack on Rafah town was a nine-year-old boy who had been in the same house as the militants, according to local Palestinian sources.

Over the last night, the IDF targeted what they are calling a ‘ticking bomb’ Islamist fighter, Ismaeel Zadi Ismaeel Samer, apparently involved in planning terror activities against Israel from the Sinai.


About Cranky Notions
Reactionary. That fella from the Norris scandal.

30 Responses to The Escalation Of Violence In Israel: A Timeline

  1. thesystemwanks says:

    There is another group angry with the Israeli government, their own people…

    • What on earth have the housing protests got to do with this?

      My own view on that issue here (and yes, I blame the state, but want free-market solutions):

      • thesystemwanks says:

        In my opinion they’re different ends of the same sh*t stick wielded by the Israeli government for the benefit of their political and economic elites.

        One group (in Gaza) are kept under control by military might, the other group in greater Israel are kept in line by fear of ‘the Other’ (ethnic terrorism) and indentured economic servitude.

        By the way, I too believe in market economics, but I think that most markets are gerrymandered in the favour of the capitalist elites. Instead of market-based capitalism I would propose a system of market based socialism, where the only role of the state is to regulate things like legal contracts, environmental protection and equality of access.

        For instance, in your post on housing you argue that if the Israeli state was to release more land onto the market it would make housing more affordable for ordinary people. Somehow I doubt that this would happen. The elites, those with connections and money, would get there first and the land would still be out of reach of most of the people. (It happened in Ireland when no matter how much land was being rezoned by obliging County Councils, the price still went up and up in a classic bubble economy. Until the bust of course.)

        So what about this idea: make extra land available to ordinary Israelis based not on their access to wealth, but according to what their needs are. It could be done on a community, family or individual basis. They would have to pay for this land of course, but a fair-use price over a set time period, not a bubble price, based on what the developers think they can squeeze out of people. They would have to use/reside on the land for a certain time period or else face a windfall tax on any profits for selling early.

        Would that be a fair way to redistribute the land of Israel to the people of Israel? And if it could work in greater Israel, why not the occupied territories?

      • I’m glad you brought up the Irish example because it highlights the role of the ECB in distorting the market. One area where we still suffer under central planning is in money. The ECB artificially forced down interest rates to below 2% after 2002 when in a comparatively young (by EU standards), dynamic and spending country like Ireland the interest rates would have been far higher (if there was a real free market). The extent of the property explosion should not have happened. Israel at least isn’t under the thumb of the ECB, and the elements seeking to undermine national sovereignty aren’t as strong as in many European nations (see: Lisbon Treaty).

        Some points:

        (1). If you were in Israel during the Second Intifada before the security fence went up you would certainly not be so dismissive of the terrorist threat. A friend of mine was hit by a flying body part so hard after a suicide bombing she was hospitalized, and the actual bombing was quite distant from her. When I worked in an Israeli factory in 2008, the government released several Lebanese terrorists, including a man who beat an Israeli child to death, in exchange for the bodies of two soldiers. Don’t tell me about a lack of compassion in Israel, or that the unique solidarity that exists in the country is phony and the result of a conspiracy.

        (2). How privatization happens in Israel is up to Israel, but there are better ways to go about this, and there are worse ways. Israel, by the way, does not administer Gaza and most of Judea and Samaria is administered by the Palestinian Authority, so housing policy there is not up to the Israeli government.

        (3). Please consider changing that damn username.

  2. thesystemwanks says:

    1. I’ve never been to Israel but I did live in Belfast during a pretty intense period of conflict. A resolution to the so-called “troubles” was only found when the state actors recognised the need to negotiate a new social contract with the so-called “terrorists”. In the end it has actually been a fairly successful outcome for everybody, but up until that point the UK government (in particular) dealt with these “terrorists” with a purely military/criminal frame work and it failed utterly. Think of Thatcher’s attempt to deny political status to IRA prisoners and how that led to the hunger strikes and the emboldening of the IRA effort. This seems to mirror the policies of the Israeli state towards their contemporary Palestinian “terrorists” and it too is failing (according to your list above). So the only long term solution (in my opinion) is for the Israeli state to renegotiate their social contract with the Palestinian people.

    In the same way the state will have to negotiate a new arrangement with the Israeli people with regard to housing etc or else it risks criminalising tens of thousands of it own citizens if they continue to protest.

    And fear of terrorism is a powerful form of social control… how else did George W Bush manage to lead the American people into two futile wars?

    2. I think the fact that the Israeli government imposes an economic blockade of the Gaza strip and subjects the people there to periodic military assault with 21st century weapons systems means that they have rather large say in day to day life in the territory, in spite of the presence of the Palestinian Authority.

    3. Always question the system. It is not your friend.

    • It is tempting to view the situation through an Irish paradigm, particularly if you lived in the conflict zone. Yet that paradigm must be shed somewhat to gain a proper understanding.

      For instance, you don’t take into account the many differences that exist, and much of recent history. Israel has negotiated with Palestinians in order to bring about Palestinian self-determination. Yet Palestinian terrorism massively escalated after Israel recognized the PLO and joined them for talks in Oslo. Unlike in Northern Ireland , the peace process did not lead to a vast reduction in deaths. Hamas really came to prominence in the mid-nineties trying to derail the peace process, launching a string of suicide bombings that helped bring Netanyahu to power for the first time.

      The Second Intifada began after the collapse of the Camp David and Taba talks designed to finalize what had happened at Oslo, with most observers blaming Arafat for the failure. What stopped the violence there was not a dovish response by Israel. The violence halted after the more hawkish Sharon came to power, and his subsequent military incursions and the building of the security fence. The security fence did more than anything else to save lives. Its not a permanent solution. It cannot stop rocket attacks. But it has saved lives on both sides.

      I’m all for negotiation and withdrawal from Palestinian Arab territories, but I’m not stupid. We can see that unilateral withdrawal from Lebanon did not stop Hezbollah instigating violence against Israel. It made them bolder, and made Islamists more confident that they could destroy the infidels. Nasrallah actually told Newsweek after the war that had he known in advance how the Israelis would react, he would not have started that war.

      We can draw lessons from Ireland, but you can’t copy and paste the details somewhere else. The cultures are different, the history is different, the mindset is different. Outsiders trying to mold the situation for the better can often make it worse.

  3. Rob says:

    The conflict in the North is not the same as Israel. There are some parallels as there are with almost every conflict but there are too many differences to draw many parallels. The one real lesson that haters who continually bash Israel ignore is that the fears of both sides were taken seriously in the North. This was how peace was met, by making meaningful concessions on both sides. Peace is the aim in any conflict but only where both sides want it. Arafat walked out in 2000, as did Abbas in 2008 when being offered an even more generous deal. Bashing one side obsessively while continually excusing the sins of the other, and it has some pretty big whoppers, is not a route to peace but continued conflict. Indeed that is what many of these people want when they advocate one-state solutions, where one side has openly expressed more genocidal intent toward the Jews than the Third Reich, and notably give ever increasing support to Hamas whilst criticising the PA more and more.

    • Very much agreed: demonizing one side and the ideological movement that brought about its independence will certainly make things worse, especially considering the Israelis feel they are being singled out. Given the weight of Jewish history, anger at this behavior is not surprising.

  4. thesystemwanks says:

    Gees, it doesn’t take much to get labeled a ‘hater’ on this site does it? Is it ‘cos I is gentile?

    I wonder what you would make of this Friend of Israel.

    And yes, I do realise that the situation in Northern Ireland is completely different to the Israeli/Arab conflict; different history, different geo-political tensions, different peoples, different religions, different climate. My point is that a solution to the conflict – as in NI – will only be found when the state agents renew the social contract with both the Arab and Israeli people on a fair an equitable basis.

  5. thesystemwanks says:

    Quite a large insinuation there from Rob. Unless I’m being over sensitive…

  6. Rob says:

    Wanks is being oversensitive, it was a general point but he is showing his ignorance by inferring that anyone who defends Israel must be Jewish. Thats the sort of thing many people kept saying about SystemWorks when the Norris issue came out.

    BTW Gerald Kaufman is hardly a friend of Israel simply because he is Jewish and claims to have once supported Israel. He is known as probably the biggest basher of Israel in the UK parliament. He equated Hamas with the Jewish resistance in the Warsaw Ghetto! He also said the regimes in Apartheid South Africa and Iran were not as bad as Israel. He is likely to be a self-hating Jew as well. Thats not a label I bandy about lightly but he was caught making an anti-Semitic comment a few months back – Next Richard Falk and Noam Chomsky will be labelled friends of Israel if we follow that logic!

    • I’d forgotten all about that weird comment from Gerald Kaufman about Louise Ellman.

      Some people are eager to parade leftists of Jewish background around when they express views like his on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, not realizing they can be the biggest Jew-haters of all (much like some of the socialist Jews in the Soviet Union who worked hard to suppress Jewish identity).

      • Rob says:

        Yeah the pro-Palestinian camp conspicuously uses Jews that are anti-Israel in their campaigns, especially those whose families were associated with the Holocaust. They are always put at the forefront of their campaigns. Its a bit creepy as it is done to lend legitimacy and deflect any potential accusations of anti-Semitism whether justified or not. Any criticism should be legitimate regardless of the group or religion one is associated with. Its an important point that the individuals of any oppressed group like the Jews can and do internalise the hatred of others. The other day I was looking at Mondo Weiss and a few of the things Philip Weiss said about Jews could have come out of any of the far-right consporacy sites.

      • You know, I noticed people were posting inflammatory anti-Israel messages under fake Jewish-sounding names on this blog, which they believed added strength to their ‘argument’. I wrote about it and related matters here:

  7. thesystemwanks says:

    By the way, here’s an article from Bloomberg about the need for social justice in Israel:

    It chimes with my point about the ‘social contract’, but hey what do Bloomberg know? They’re probably another bunch of self-hating Jews.

    Interesting rhetorical technique on this blog: anybody who has a critique of Israel is an anti-semite, unless they are Jewish in which case they are self-hating.

    You guys need to get over yourselves.

    • This is your last warning: the issue in this post is the recent spate of violence in Israel, Gaza and the Sinai.

      The housing issue was dealt with in another article, which was well received by two free-market groups who subsequently contacted me about it.

      Another thing: Not everyone who writes for Bloomberg is Jewish, and some are even economic illiterates or Keynesians (much the same thing).

      Nobody called you anti-Semitic, that is an overactive imagination on your part. Neither have I referred to any Jew as ‘self-hating’, but I criticized Jewish leftists, as I would any other leftists.

      Rob has used the term, and he is perfectly entitled to. He has no connection with this site other than being a commenter like yourself.

      I am also deleting a prior comment of yours as it makes no sense.

      • thesystemwanks says:

        You mean “The only way is Zion”?

        I was quite proud of that…

      • Rob says:

        LOL Wanks is strawmanning so don’t let it get to anybody. Its a classic pro-Palestinian ploy to pretend that those who support Israel accuse anyone critical of the State of being anti-Semitic. I never called Wanks an anti-Semite. I was referring to haters, and I qualified it not as anti-Semitism but as those who criticise the place obsessively at the expense of other conflicts in the world. An excellent article in last Sunday’s Indo makes that point well – and I referred to Kaufman as self-hating not becuse he simply criticised Israel but compared the explicitely anti-Semitic organisation Hamas with the Jewish resistance within the Warsaw Ghetto, and because he made anti-Semitic comments about Jews! If he wasn’t self-hating what else would he be?

        I believe Israel should be treated as any other country. That means Israel should never be excused from criticism. The Bloomberg article is fine. Neither should it be subjected to a sustained campaign of abusive comdemnation, the like of which happens with no other nation. There were and are far more serious conflicts which are ignored by the same “humanitarians”!

      • Many of the Israel-bashers have an inflated sense of their own radicalism. I’ll never forget seeing Tom McGurk in the Sunday Business Post claim ‘only the brave few’ could speak out about Israeli treatment of the Palestinian Arabs, as if the Sunday Business Post were some radical underground paper the authorities might shut down any minute.

        Similarly when you argue with some of these people they are almost waiting for you to call them an anti-Semite. I’ve had this experience several times. When you don’t call them an anti-Semite they are either disappointed or make-believe that you have done so, and pat themselves on the back for being so persecuted for their bravery.

  8. thesystemwanks says:

    My ‘last warning’ also seems seems to be my first warning. What was my offence?

    • You keep bringing up the irrelevant housing issue.

      • thesystemwanks says:

        Actually I’m linking two issues which, in my opinion, both stem from an inadequate and unjust social contract between the political and financial elites in Israel and the people they seek dominion over.

        I don’t think this is just a problem for Israel by the way, it’s a feature of so-called liberal democracies tied to the free market capitalist paradigm the world over. The most obvious recent example: the UK riots.

      • The ‘social contract’ theory is horse-crap. I don’t remember signing anything.

  9. thesystemwanks says:

    RE: ‘The Social Contract’

    from a Paper by Daniel J. Elazar on ‘The Constitution of the State of Israel’

    Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs


    Political Compact and Covenant

    The constitutional character of a civil society is not based on the existence of a written constitution alone. Both as a new society in the modern sense and as the heir to Jewish political principles, Israel was founded on the basis of a political compact that is both a social contract through which its citizens have established the terms of civil peace upon which their polity rests and a covenant that morally connects Israelis to a set of shared political principles and aspirations.


    • This has gotten way too off topic for my taste.

      I don’t believe in the social contract theory because it is not a real contract: .

      Israel is based on the fact that the Jewish nation is a nation that deserves independence in the Jewish National Home and the cradle of Jewish civilization. Any political aspirations beyond that are illegitimate, particularly those which aim to enslave one Israeli for the benefit of another (for example, income redistribution). That is unless some individuals mutually agree to adopt progressive income redistribution among themselves. This is the same for all nations.

      Yes, I’m somewhat of an anarchist. More accurately, a Panarchist.

  10. Pingback: Israel under attack III « Sapere Aude!

  11. thesystemwanks says:

    I will get back to the original topic, just bear with me for a bit…

    Interesting Brainpolice post (Thanks). And I agree with what he says, but I would perhaps go a little further: There are no so such things as natural rights either. If you take his example of self-defence (because it’s a good one); I think all of us would agree that if you are being attacked then self-defence is appropriate, necessary, justified and imperative.

    But what if you’re not being attacked at the moment, but you fear you are about to be attacked in the near future? A pre-emptive form of self-defence could also be your ‘right’ in many circumstances.

    What about a situation where you exercise your right to self-defence “just in case” you are attacked? Again, it could be justifiable, but I think the set of circumstances where it could be taken as your right to do this are a lot smaller.

    So what I’m arguing here is that all ‘rights’ are context dependent and, in order to prevent chaos, human beings generally ‘construct’ contextual agreements between themselves over how to behave themselves within particular social contexts so they can go about their daily business without worrying about who’s exercising their right to self-defence at any moment. These agreements are both written and unwritten, spoken and unspoken and they frame our daily lives.

    These ‘socially constructed agreements’ are how communities are formed, and membership of these communities is often expressed through symbolic agreements such as dietary taboos, dress codes, rules about the Sabbath etc. Why do some Catholics eat fish on Fridays? Because they agree to.

    When it comes to the Nation – which is after all just a form of super-community – these social agreements are enshrined in the basic law of the land, ‘The Constitution’. And how many of those have any of us ever actually signed? In general we agree to this ‘social contract’ through our representative leaders – and they become ‘The State”.

    But communities are often reinforced and sometimes defined by their enemies – the old self-defence argument – and part of the human contract with ‘the State’ is that it has the legitimate right to bear arms/act with force in our defence. We give the state this right not only because it is convenient but also on the condition that they don’t use those arms on us. And in return for going to work, saying our prayers and paying our taxes we expect the state to at the very least leave us alone or in the best case scenario, facilitate things like heath-care, education, transport and housing.

    History tells us that when the state can no longer find the balance between protecting the nation from its enemies and providing for the peoples’ need then the state in trouble: The French Revolution, The American Revolution, The Irish Rebellion, The slave revolt in Haiti, Rhodesia, Tunisia, Egypt etc etc.

    The recent UK riots are another example, except in that case the social contract only broke down for some of the people: the urban poor.

    And, let’s face it most Nations have enemies (even if it’s only in Football) and the state is not beyond the practice of manipulating fear of the enemy in order to manipulate the loyalty of its population – for instance the American lies about WMD in Iraq.

    So here is my swerve back to the original topic:

    Just as large numbers of the population of Israel are beginning to question the validity of their own contract with the state that governs them isn’t it quite convenient – for the state – that trouble has flared up in Gaza again? It allows the state to say in effect: ‘Yes, we know you have problems, and we’ll deal with them. But do you mind if we just get this little war out of the way first and come back to that?’

    It’s not an accusation or a conclusion, merely an observation. I’m not even sure it’s a conscious decision. But it’s a remarkably similar tactic to that being used to deal with the global economic crisis we find ourselves in. ‘Yes we know you don’t have a job and can’t pay your mortgage, but we’ve got to fix the banks first so give us more tax.’

    Wars, both military and economic, are sometimes engines of distraction designed to solicit social compliance (Orwell’s ‘1984’ anyone?)

    So that’s my long winded point. Thank you for giving me the space to make it. This is likely my last post on the matter, but I’ll read any response anyone cares to make.

    And I’ll leave you with a joke:

    • The origin of rights is something I’m torn on. Most of the time I’m in the natural rights camp, but I find it hard to defend natural rights to non-religious people. I turn to the views of Ayn Rand, that I do find reasonable and appealing, quite frequently.

      Pre-emptive attacks seem sensible to me, but no doubt States will stretch the definition too far (quite a common occurrence, I should say).

      I agree nations often define themselves in relation to what they are not. This is not true in many cases though, and I do believe most people have a preference to associate with those who share a historical narrative and other features. I find nothing wrong with that, and really dislike people who actually seek to destroy this structure. One thing I am resolutely opposed to is the idea of self-proclaimed enlightened types building societies from the top down. This trait is something the neo-conservative movement, socialists and one-state solution advocates to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict frequently share.

      Society is something very separate from the State. More often than not the State deliberately tries to undermine society, which is a buffer between the state and the individual. The State’s nature is always to grow fatter and more powerful. That is why I am skeptical about small government and classical liberal positions that advocate a ‘night-watchman’ state. Unless a minimal government is funded voluntarily (which was Ayn Rand’s position) I can never see a state staying small.

      Despite my dislike of the State as it exists in Israel and pretty much everywhere else, I do not see a connection between the housing protests and the latest round of violence. Firstly, there is no sound evidence for it. Secondly, other factors can explain the violence (Islamists have gaining influence in the Sinai for a while now, for instance) and the complaints about the cost of living in Israel have actually been going on for a long time. Also, I believe the Israel State IS THE PROBLEM when it comes to high property prices due to state-ownership of 93% of Israel’s land, and the regulations and the bureacracy the State has created when it comes to property and construction.

      Always feel free to comment, but try to keep it on topic.

  12. Guest says:

    I reckon they are anti-Semites, the lot of them. Israel, the collective Jew, has always been a God send for same. How else can they embrace Hamas, an organisation that calls for the murder of millions of Jews?

    Meantime, anyone picking up any scandal on Norris in relation to his numerous visits to Palestine in the past. Did he, like his mate Cathal Ó Searcaigh, bring any youngsters up to his room and traumatise them reading Irish poetry at them, amongst other things?

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: